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My research examines the patterns, causes, and consequences of institutional change in Latin America and the Caribbean — primarily in the justice and security sectors — as well as patterns of violence and insecurity across the Americas. Drawing on a family history in Mexico (dual citizen - U.S. and Mexico), seven years of professional experience in law enforcement in the U.S. (California), academic training in law and political science, and two years of fieldwork in Brazil and Mexico, I examine the political origins of justice reforms, judicial behavior, violence, and security, emphasizing a subnational level of analysis.

The centerpiece of this research thus far is my single-author book, Crafting Courts in New Democracies: The Politics of Subnational Judicial Reform in Brazil and Mexico (Cambridge University Press, 2016). I have also co-editor for two volumes on law and courts: Beyond High Courts: The Justice Complex in Latin America (University of Notre Dame Press; expected Fall 2017), and Concepts, Data, and Methods in Comparative Law and Politics (Cambridge University Press, under contract; series on Comparative Constitutional Law and Policy). Additional academic work has appeared in the peer-reviewed journals Political Analysis, Scientific Reports, Comparative Politics, PS: Political Science & Politics, Government and Opposition, Homicide Studies, Journal of Latin American Studies, Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Latin American Politics & Society, and Latin American Research Review. I have also authored several chapters in edited volumes, as well as policy briefs and research reports, including work for the Brookings Institution and Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C.

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Publications

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Book || Edited Volumes || Articles || Chapters || Reports || Working Papers



Book

Ingram, Matthew C. 2016. Crafting Courts in New Democracies: The Politics of Subnational Judicial Reform in Brazil and Mexico. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (paperback July 2017).

Ingram 2016 (book cover)



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Edited Volumes

Kapiszewski, Diana, and Matthew C. Ingram, eds. Concepts, Data, and Methods in Comparative Law and Politics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (under contract).


Ingram, Matthew C., and Diana Kapiszewski, eds. 2019. Beyond High Courts: The Justice Complex in Latin America. Notre Dame, IN: Kellogg Institute Series on Democracy and Development, University of Notre Dame Press (in production; expected Spring 2019).

IngramKapiszewski 2017 (book cover)

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Articles

Articles (refereed)

  1. Harbers, Imke, and Matthew C. Ingram. 2017. "Incorporating Space in Multimethod Research: Combining Spatial Analysis with Case Study Research." PS: Political Science & Politics 50(4) (October 2017).
  2. Harbers, Imke, and Matthew C. Ingram. 2017. "Geo-Nested Analysis: Mixed-Methods Research with Spatially Dependent Data." Political Analysis 25(3): 289-307.
    Replication materials available at: Harvard Dataverse
  3. Ingram, Matthew C., and Marcelo Marchesini da Costa. 2017. "A Spatial Analysis of Homicide across Brazil's Municipalities." Homicide Studies 21(2): 87-110.
    Web Appendix | Figures | Data | Code
  4. Ingram, Matthew C. 2016. "Networked Justice: Judges, the Diffusion of Ideas, and Legal Reform Movements in Mexico." Journal of Latin American Studies 48(4): 739-768.
  5. Burghardt, Keith, Christopher Verzijl, Junming Huang, Matthew C. Ingram, Binyang Song, and Marie Pierre Hasne. 2016. "Testing Modeling Assumptions in the West Africa Ebola Outbreak." Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 34598 (Oct. 10, 2016).
  6. Ingram, Matthew C. 2016. "Mandates, Geography, and Networks: Diffusion of Criminal Procedure in Mexico." Latin American Politics & Society 58(1): 121-145.
  7. Desposato, Scott W., Matthew C. Ingram, and Osmar P. Lannes, Jr. 2015. "Power, Composition, and Decision Making: The Behavioral Consequences of Institutional Reform on Brazil’s Supremo Tribunal Federal." Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 31(3): 534-567.
  8. Harbers, Imke, and Matthew C. Ingram. 2014. "Democratic Institutions Beyond the Nation State: Measuring Institutional Dissimilarity in Federal Countries." Government and Opposition 49(1): 24-46.
  9. Ingram, Matthew C. 2013. "Elections, Ideology, or Opposition? Assessing Competing Explanations of Judicial Spending in the Mexican States.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 29(1): 178-209.
  10. Ingram, Matthew C. 2012. “Crafting Courts in New Democracies: Ideology and Judicial Council Reforms in Three Mexican States.” Comparative Politics 44(4): 439-458.

Articles (unrefereed)


Ingram, Matthew C. 2018. “Reforma penal en Mexico: Nuevos datos e indicadores sobre el Poder Judicial de la Federacion.” Revista del Centro de Estudios Constitucionales ISSN: 2448-6965 (in production)
Empirical study invited by Mexican Supreme Court, Center for Constitutional Studies (Centro de Estudios Constitucionales, Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nacion, Mexico)

Ingram, Matthew C. 2015. “Judicial Power in Latin America.” Latin American Research Review 50(1): 250-260.
Review essay of five books; invited and refereed by editor


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Chapters in Edited Volumes

  1. Harbers, Imke, and Matthew C. Ingram. [forthcoming] “Politics in Space: Methodological Approaches to Subnational Research in Comparative Politics.” In Richard Snyder, Agustina Giraudy, Eduardo Moncada, and , eds. Inside Countries: Subnational Research in Comparative Politics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (in production; expected 2019).
  2. Ingram, Matthew C. [forthcoming] ”Cambio institucional en el poder judicial: Trayectoria en el proceso penal en M´exico, 2002-2016.” In Aguiar-Aguilar, Azul A., ed. Jueces, democracia y derechos. Una introducci´on a la pol´ıtica judicial. Mexico City, Mexico: Editorial Fontamara, Instituto de Investigaciones Jur´ıdicas, Universidad Nacional Aut´onoma de M´exico, Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federaci´on (Fontamara-IJJ-UNAM-TEPJF) (in production; expected 2019).
  3. Ingram, Matthew C. [forthcoming] “Judicial Council Reforms in the Mexican States.” In Matthew C. Ingram and Diana Kapiszewski, eds. Beyond High Courts: The Justice Complex in Latin America. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, Kellogg Institute Series on Democracy and Development (in production; expected 2019).
  4. Volcansek, Mary, and Matthew C. Ingram. [forthcoming] “Transnational Protection of Human Rights in Latin America.” In Matthew C. Ingram and Diana Kapiszewski, eds. Beyond High Courts: The Justice Complex in Latin America. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, Kellogg Institute Series on Democracy and Development (in production; expected 2019).
  5. Ingram, Matthew C., and Diana Kapiszewski. [forthcoming] “Introduction.”, In Matthew C. Ingram and Diana Kapiszewski, eds. Beyond High Courts: The Justice Complex in Latin America. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, Kellogg Institute Series on Democracy and Development (in production; expected 2019).
  6. Da Ros, Luciano, and Matthew C. Ingram. 2019. “Law, Courts, and Judicial Politics.” In Barry Ames, ed. The Routledge Handbook of Brazilian Politics. New York: Routledge.
  7. Ingram, Matthew C. 2018. “On the Justice System.” In Viridiana R´ıos and Duncan Wood, eds. The Missing Reform: Strengthening the Rule of Law in Mexico. Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center.
  8. Ingram, Matthew C. “Uncommon Transparency: The Supreme Court, Media Relations, and Public Opinion in Brazil.” In Richard Davis and David Taras, eds., A Global Perspective on Justices and Journalists. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (peer-reviewed volume; in production)
  9. Ingram, Matthew C. 2016. “Conclusión: Los retos de las Cortes en la consolidación democrática.” In Andrea Castagnola and Saúl López Noriega, eds. El rol de la Suprema Corte en la consolidación democrática de México . Mexico City and Valencia, Spain: National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), and Tirant Lo Blanch.

    Published in English as: “Conclusions: The Challenges of Courts in Democratic Consolidation.” In Andrea Castagnola and Saúl López Noriega, eds. Judicial Politics in Mexico: The Supreme Court and Transition to Democracy. New York: Routledge, series in Law, Courts, and Politics [forthcoming].
  10. Ingram, Matthew C., and Karise M. Curtis. 2015. “Violence in Central America: A Spatial View of the Region, Northern Triangle, and El Salvador.” In Eric Olson, ed. Crime and Violence in Central America’s Northern Triangle: How U.S. Policy Responses are Helping, Hurting, and Can Be Improved. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center.
  11. Harbers, Imke, and Matthew C. Ingram. 2015. “On the Engineerability of Institutions: Mexico in Comparative Perspective.” In Ingrid van Biezen and Hans-Martien ten Napel, eds. Regulating Political Parties: European Democracies in Comparative Perspective. Leiden, Netherlands: Leiden University Press (distributed by University of Chicago Press). (peer-reviewed volume)
  12. Ingram, Matthew C. 2014. “Community Resilience to Violence: Local Schools, Regional Economies, and Homicide in Mexico’s Municipalities.” In David A. Shirk, Duncan Wood, and Eric L. Olson, eds. Building Resilient Communities in Mexico: Civic Responses to Crime and Violence. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center and Justice in Mexico Project.
  13. Ingram, Matthew C. 2013. “Courting from the Left: Judicial Effectiveness and Representativeness in the Brazilian State of Acre.” In Moira B. McKinnnon and Ludovico Feoli, eds. Representation and Effectiveness in Latin American Democracies: Congress, Judiciary, and Civil Society. New York: Routledge. (peer-reviewed volume)
  14. Ingram, Matthew C. 2013. “El estado de los estados: Reformas locales al procedimiento penal en Mexico.” [“State of the States: Local Criminal Procedure Reforms in Mexico.”] In Octavio Rodriguez Ferreira and David A. Shirk, eds. La reforma al sistema de justicia penal en México. [Criminal Justice Reform in Mexico] San Diego: Transborder Institute, University of San Diego.
  15. Ingram, Matthew C., and David A. Shirk. 2012. “Building Institutional Capacity in Mexico’s Criminal Justice System.” In George Philip and Susana Berruecos, eds. Mexico’s Struggle for Public Security: Organized Crime and State Responses. London: Palgrave MacMillan.


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    Policy & Research Reports


    Ingram, Matthew C., and Marcelo Marchesini da Costa. 2014. “Targeting Violence Reduction in Brazil: Policy Implications from a Spatial Analysis of Homicide.” Brookings Institution, Latin America Initiative Policy Brief (Oct. 3), Washington, D.C.
    • Media coverage by InSight Crime

    Ingram, Matthew C. 2013. “Criminal Procedure Reform in Mexico: Where Things Stand Now.” Policy Paper (Jan. 29). Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Mexico Institute. Washington, D.C.
    • Related to larger event at Wilson Center

    Ingram, Matthew C., Octavio Rodriguez Ferreira, and David A. Shirk. 2011. “Assessing Mexico’s Judicial Reform: Views of Judges, Prosecutors, and Public Defenders.” Special Report (June). Trans-Border Institute, University of San Diego.
    • Part of larger Justice in Mexico project, Justiciabarómetro

    Ingram, Matthew C., Octavio Rodriguez Ferreira, and David A. Shirk. 2011. “Justiciabarometro: Survey of Judges, Prosecutors, and Public Defenders in Nine Mexican States.” Final Report (May). Justice in Mexico Project, Trans-Border Institute, University of San Diego.
    • Part of larger Justice in Mexico project, Justiciabarómetro

    Ingram, Matthew C., and David A. Shirk. 2010. “Judicial Reform in Mexico: Toward a New Criminal Justice System.” Special Report (May). Justice in Mexico Project, Trans-Border Institute, University of San Diego.


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    Working Papers


    Ingram, Matthew C., and Marcelo Marchesini da Costa. 2014. ``Geographies of Violence in Brazil: A Spatial Analysis of Five Types of Homicide in Brazil’s Municipalities.'' Working Paper Series No. 405, Kellogg Institute for International Studies, University of Notre Dame. (single-blind peer review) link

    Ingram, Matthew C., and Karise M. Curtis. 2014. ``Homicide in El Salvador’s Municipalities: Spatial Clusters and the Causal Role of Neighborhood Effects, Population Pressures, Poverty, and Education.'' Working Paper (July). Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Latin American Program. Washington, D.C. link

    Ingram, Matthew C. 2014. ``Local Educational and Regional Economic Foundations of Violence: A Subnational, Spatial Analysis of Homicide in Mexico.'' Working Paper (Jan). Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Mexico Institute. Washington, D.C. link

    Ingram, Matthew C. 2012. ``Networked Justice: Judges, the Diffusion of Ideas, and Legal Reform Movements in Mexico.'' Working Paper Series No. 385, Kellogg Institute for International Studies, University of Notre Dame. (single-blind peer review) link

    Ingram, Matthew C. 2011. ``State-level Judicial Reform in Mexico: The Local Progress of Criminal Justice Reforms.'' Working Paper Series, Justice in Mexico Project, Trans-Border Institute (TBI), University of San Diego: Jan 20, 2010 (www.justiceinmexico.org).

    Fondevila, Gustavo, and Ingram, Matthew C. ``Detención y uso de la fuerza'' (Police Detention and the Use of Force), with Gustavo Fondevila. CIDE Working Paper Series. Documento de Trabajo No. 23, División de Estudios Jurídicos (SDTEJ-23), 08/2007. Mexico City: Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas.

    Ingram, Matthew C.``Judicial Politics in the Mexican States: Theoretical and Methodological Foundations.'' CIDE Working Paper Series. Documento de Trabajo No. 22, División de Estudios Jurídicos (SDTEJ-22), 2/2007. Mexico City: Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas.

    Ingram, Matthew C.``Political Justice: Sub-national Determinants of Judicial Efficiency in Mexico, 1993-2000.'' Research Paper Series, No. 42. Latin American and Iberian Institute (LAII), UNM. June 2004. link

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